DHEC identifies state's first West Nile Virus death of the 2012 season | News
COLUMBIA, SC (WIS)- An elderly Aiken County man has been identified as
the first person to die with West Nile Virus in South Carolina this
year, according to the state Department of Health and Environmental Control.
"This gentleman tested positive for West Nile Virus infection after
being hospitalized with sudden onset of high fever, confusion, and
headache." said Riyadh Muhammad, M.D. and regional medical director for
DHEC Region 5 Public Health, covering Aiken, Allendale, Bamberg,
Barnwell, Calhoun and Orangeburg counties. "In all likelihood – like
most South Carolinians sickened by this disease in 2012 – he probably
contracted the illness after being bitten by mosquitoes in the area
near his home. Although this unfortunate death occurred in Aiken
county, West Nile Virus could exist wherever mosquitoes live, and West
Nile Virus cases have been reported throughout the state this year."
Dr. Muhammad said that West Nile Virus is a disease of birds transmitted
to humans and animals through the bite of an infected mosquito.
Mosquitoes become infected after feeding on infected birds. People
bitten by an infected mosquito may become ill within 2 to 14 days with
flu-like symptoms, including fever, headache, joint pain, muscle pain,
and occasionally nausea and vomiting. Some may have a rash.
"The most important step anyone can take to prevent West Nile Virus
infection is to protect against being bitten by a mosquito," said Dr.
Muhammad. "The risk of serious illness is low. Less than one percent of
people infected develop potentially fatal infections of the brain or
protective membranes covering the brain, known as encephalitis or
meningitis. However, if you or someone you care for has a rash, fever,
and confusion, especially after mosquito bites, seek medical care
So far this year in South Carolina, West Nile Virus has been detected in
17 people, three animals, 13 birds and one mosquito pool.
DHEC recommends citizens pay attention to the "four Ds" as the most effective ways to prevent WNV:
- DEET – Apply insect repellent containing DEET, picaridin,
oil of lemon eucalyptus, or IR 3535 according to label
instructions. Repellents help keep mosquitoes from biting. DEET
can be used safely on infants and children 2 months of age and
- DRESS – Wear clothing that reduces the risk of skin exposure.
- DAWN AND DUSK – Exposure to mosquitoes is most common during
the early morning and evening so it is important to wear
repellent at that time. Make sure that your doors and windows have
tight-fitting screens to keep out mosquitoes.
- DRAIN – Mosquitoes lay their eggs on standing water.
Eliminate all sources of standing water on your property,
including flowerpots, old car tires, rain gutters and pet bowls.
If you have a pond, use mosquito fish (available from your local
mosquito and vector control agency) or commercially available
products to eliminate mosquito larvae.
For more information about WNV, visit http://www.scdhec.gov/westnile and http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/dvbid/westnile/index.htm.